Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. List of Verbs Followed by Infinitives. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. The Gerund Can be Used as an Object of a Preposition. You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Gerunds can be made negative by adding "not.". ; A verbal noun (Examples 3 & 4) is a noun formed from a verb; some verbal nouns end in -ing. The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs.When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. In compound nouns using the gerund, it is clear that the meaning is that of a noun, not of a continuous verb. A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. DEFINITIONS. The good news is that our three-part tutorial gives you twenty gerund and infinitive tips to take you from beginner to pro. Success is never getting to the bottom of your to-do list. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Would you like to walk instead of taking the bus? The gerund is a verb which is used as if it were a noun (Examples 1 & 2 below). There are some phrasal verbs that include the word "to" as a preposition for example to look forward to, to take to, to be accustomed to, to get around to, & to be used to. List of Verbs Followed by Gerunds, 6. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. © EF Education First 2020. 2. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. All rights reserved. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. 3. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. It is not part of the infinitive form of the verb. The four types of gerunds and gerund phrases follow: 1. Here in part 1, we introduce gerunds and infinitives and explain the basics of everyday usage. His problem is not coming to class on time. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." 5. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. The Gerund Can be Used after Certain Expressions. THE GERUND. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." In this case, it can be used as the subject or object of the sentence. Some verbs, however, can only be followed by infinitives and not gerunds. The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and an object, which has the form of a gerund, and another object. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. Seeing is believing. In many cases, we can use either the infinitive or the gerund in addition to “standard” nouns. It is important to recognise that the word "to" is a preposition in these cases because it must be followed by a gerund. * USED IN COMPOUND NOUNS (AS MODIFIERS), Pure verbal nouns/deverbal nouns vs. gerunds, FINITE AND NON-FINITE VERBS (UNINFLECTED VERBS), PAST FORM FOR GERUNDS (The Perfect Gerund). In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Definitions. The gerund after prepositions.

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